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Graphene Nanomaterials by Kal R. Sharma

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Chapter 5

Fabrication Methods

Chapter Objectives

Cost of production

Roll-to-roll transfer process after synthesis in APFR

Solvothermal reduction using NMP

Exfoliation from a carbonizing catalyst

Ion implantation and layer thickness control

Reduction of ethanol

Phase separation of carbon–metal melts

Unzipping of CNTs

Electrophoretic deposition and reduction

Coal pitch as carbonizing source

Gas intercalation and exfoliation

Nanoribbon alternation

Flash cooling

Shell formation

Fullerenes

Carbon nanotubes

Electrochemical method

Other substrates: Fe, Ru, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, and Au

Cost of Production

Currently, the cost of production of graphenes is on the higher side. The cost depends on the substrate used. Copper ...

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