The sustainability of software depends on direct effects, which result from executing programs, as well as indirect effects, which influence the sustainability of the product incorporating the software. Indirect effects are caused, e.g., by planned obsolescence when a device manufacturer stops to provide software updates, rendering the device useless.
In order to optimise direct effects, tools are required which provide methods for energy modelling and to analyse and optimize the energy consumption of a given program. Indirect effects are harder to assess, since their optimization requires changing economical incentives. However, it is important ...
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