Green Organizations

Book description

This book is a landmark in showing how industrial-organizational psychology and related fields contribute to environmental sustainability in organizations.  Industrial-organizational psychology embraces a scientist/practitioner model: evidence-based best practice to solve real-world issues. The contributors to this book are experts in science and practice, demonstrating the ways in which human-organization interactions can drive change to produce environmentally beneficial outcomes.  Overall, the authors address cogent issues and provide specific examples of how industrial-organizational psychology can guide interventions that support and maintain environmentally sound practices in organizations. Green Organizations can be used as a general reference for researchers, in courses on sustainable business, corporate social responsibility, ethical management practices and social entrepreneurship. The book will provide an excellent overview for anyone interested in sustainability in organizations, and will serve as a valuable guide to industrial-organizational psychology and management professionals.

Table of contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Dedication
  6. Table of Contents
  7. Series Foreword
  8. Foreword
  9. Preface
  10. About the Editors
  11. About the Contributors
  12. Part 1: Introduction to I-O Psychology and Environmental Sustainability
    1. Chapter 1. I-O Psychology and Environmental Sustainability in Organizations: A Natural Partnership
      1. Defining Environmental Sustainability in Organizations
      2. I-O Psychology’s Role in Environmental Sustainability
      3. I-O Psychology and Efficiency
      4. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Driving Environmental Sustainability Change in Organizations
        1. Introduction to I-O Psychology and Environmental Sustainability
        2. Theory and Methods to Understand Environmental Sustainability in Organizations
        3. Individuals and Organizations
        4. I-O Psychology and Environmental Sustainability for Tomorrow’s Workforce
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    2. Chapter 2. Environmental Psychology Overview
      1. What is Meant by Environment
      2. Encouraging and Supporting Reasonable People
        1. Model Building
        2. Becoming Effective
        3. Meaningful Action
      3. Transitioning to Sustainable Living
      4. The Power of Small Experiments
        1. Scale and Expectation
        2. Goal and Focus
        3. Tracking and Record Keeping
        4. Dissemination and Communication
      5. Humans as Engaged and Purposeful
      6. References
    3. Chapter 3. Is Sustainability an Ethical Responsibility of I-O and Consulting Psychologists?
      1. I-O and Consulting Psychology and Sustainability
      2. Do Psychologists have Ethical Obligations Regarding Sustainability Initiatives?
      3. Other Ethics Codes
        1. Values
        2. Ethical and Values-Driven Opportunity
      4. The Potential Contributions of IOP to Sustainability Initiatives
        1. Toward a New Vision for I-O Psychology’s Role in Sustainability
        2. Helping Organizations Keep Sustainability Issues in Their Evaluation Parameters
        3. Using Their Expertise to Help Create Sustainability Initiatives Within Organizations
          1. Persuasion
          2. Conflict Management
        4. Measurement of Sustainability Goals and Outcomes
        5. Studying Decision Making About Sustainability Issues
        6. Helping Eco-Friendly Organizations Develop
        7. Attitudes Toward Sustainability Issues
        8. Executive Assessment
        9. Design of Work
        10. Helping to Create Ethical Organizational Climates
      5. Above All, be a Psychologist
      6. References
    4. Chapter 4. Engineering Sustainability
      1. A Bit of History
      2. Specialties within Engineering
      3. Emerging Interest in Sustainability
      4. Sustainability in the Engineering Education Curriculum
      5. Acceptance of Sustainability Among Engineers
      6. Acceptance of Sustainability Concerns within Organizations
      7. Implications for the I-O Psychologist
      8. References
  13. Part 2: Theory and Methods to Understand ES in Organizations
    1. Chapter 5. The Morality of Corporate Environmental Sustainability: A Psychological and Philosophical Perspective
      1. Is CES an Important and Distinct Enough Part of the Broader Domain of CSR and does it have Antecedents and Consequences Distinct from General CSR Phenomena?
        1. The Moralization of Environment Sustainability
        2. Differentiating CES from CSR
      2. How does CES at the Organizational Level Influence Employee-Level Attitudes and Behavior?
        1. Peripheral CES and Employee Self-Determination
        2. Intermediate CES and Utilitarianism-Based Third-Party Justice
        3. Embedded CES and Justice-Based Moral Identification
      3. What Leads to the Most Environmental Sustainability?
      4. References
    2. Chapter 6. What Makes Organizations in Market Democracies Adopt Environmentally-Friendly Policies?
      1. Goal-Framing Theory
        1. The Power of Goals
        2. Three Overarching Goals
      2. Market Democracies and the Dynamics of Goal-Frames Relevant for Environmentally-Friendly Behavior
        1. Firms
        2. Consumers
        3. Government and Law-Making Bodies
      3. The Embedded-Value Process of Political Influence
        1. Science as a Major Player
        2. Additional Players
      4. Moralization
      5. Governments and the Embedded Value Process
      6. Discussion
      7. References
    3. Chapter 7. Measuring, Understanding, and Influencing Employee Green Behaviors
      1. The Environment for Environmental Responsibility is Changing
      2. Delineating Environmental Sustainability Constructs
      3. Distinguishing Environmental Performance, Social Responsibility, and Financial Performance at the Organizational Level
      4. Green Behaviors and their Relationships with Other Criteria at the Employee Level
        1. Employee Engagement
        2. Job Performance
      5. Looking Under the Hood of Employee Green Behaviors
      6. Influencing Employee Green Behaviors
        1. Person-Based Approaches
          1. Recruiting
          2. Staffing
        2. Intervention-Based Approaches
          1. Informational and Instructional Interventions
          2. Psycho-Social and Motivational Interventions
          3. Interventions in Work Settings
      7. Modeling Psycho-Social Determinants of Pro-Environmental Behavior
      8. Conclusions
      9. Note
      10. References
    4. Chapter 8. It’s Easy Being Green: Benefits of Technology-Enabled Work
      1. The Electronic Commute
        1. Environmental Benefits
        2. Cost Savings
      2. Internet Testing
        1. Fortune 500 Telecommunications Company
        2. Large Retail Organization
        3. Environmental Benefits
        4. Cost Savings
      3. Internet Surveys
        1. Environmental Benefits
        2. Cost Savings
      4. Conclusion
      5. Note
      6. References
  14. Part 3: Individuals and Organizations
    1. Chapter 9. Socially Responsible and Sustainable Supply Chains
      1. Defining Social Responsibility and Sustainability
      2. Shifting Focus to Justice and Rights Rather than Short-Term Profit
      3. Resources Should be Positioned as Time-Phased Investments Rather than Zero Inventory
      4. Focus on Performance Measures Based on Value and Sustainability, Rather than Sole Use of Conventional Business Metrics
      5. Focus on the Creation of Flexibility through Postponement
      6. Focus on Developing a Supply Chain Surplus Rather than a Free Ride
      7. Focus on Sustainability Goals Rather to Counteract the Bullwhip Effect
      8. Summary and Conclusion
      9. References
    2. Chapter 10. Motivating Behavior Change to Support Organizational Environmental Sustainability Goals
      1. A Systems Approach to Environmental Sustainability
        1. Executive Support
        2. Provision of Sufficient Resources
        3. Engaging Employees in ES Initiatives
      2. Impacting Minds and Hearts of Employees: Getting Employees to “Own” Sustainability
      3. Sustained Choices: The Journey from Extrinsic to Intrinsic Motivation
        1. Amotivation
        2. Extrinsic Motivation
          1. Compliance
          2. Introjection
          3. Identification
          4. Integration
        3. Intrinsic Motivation
      4. The Journey from Amotivation to Intrinsic Motivation
      5. Diffusion of ES Behavior Change
      6. Human Resource Systems and Engagement
      7. The Payoff: Organizational “Wins” by Successful Companies
      8. References
    3. Chapter 11. Designing Interventions That Encourage Permanent Changes in Behavior
      1. Two-Step Model for Durable Pro-Environmental Behavior Change
        1. Step 1: Inducing New Attitudes and Behaviors
          1. Persuasion and Strong Attitudes
          2. Social Pressures and Social Support for Change
          3. Combining Persuasion with Social Normative Information
          4. Commitment, Implementation Intentions and Attitude/Behavior Change
          5. Being Determined to Change
        2. Step 2: Developing Internal Supports for New Behavior
          1. Learning: Procedural Knowledge, Mental “Scripts” and Habits
          2. Intrinsically Motivated Behavior: Making It Interesting, Fun, and/or Worthwhile
          3. Self-Concept and Behavior
          4. Change That Is Internally Motivated
      2. Summary and Conclusion
      3. References
    4. Chapter 12. Corporate Environmental Sustainability and Employee Recruitment: Leveraging “Green” Business Practices to Attract Talent
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Are Job Seekers Attracted by CEP?
      3. Why are Job Seekers Attracted by CEP?
        1. Signals From CEP and Perceived Value Fit
        2. Signals From CEP and Expected Employee Treatment
        3. Signals From CEP and Anticipated Pride
      4. CEP and Recruitment: A Research Agenda
        1. How Do Job Seekers Acquire Information About an Organization’s CEP?
        2. What Affects the Credibility of CEP Information?
        3. The Hazards of “Greenwashing”: Can CEP Be Perceived Negatively?
        4. Additional Questions
      5. Green Recruitment in Practice
      6. Notes
      7. References
    5. Chapter 13. Sustainable Business: A Fortune 500 Corporate Perspective
      1. Intel Corporation
      2. Moore’s Law
      3. Sustainability Inside Intel
      4. Integrating Sustainability into the Business
      5. Employee Engagement
      6. Value through Sustainability
      7. License to Operate
      8. Risk Management
      9. Operational Flexibility
      10. Moore’s Law Applied to Sustainability
      11. Tackling Climate Change through Manufacturing
      12. Tackling Climate Change through Product Design
      13. Technology for the Environment
      14. Conclusion
      15. Note
      16. References
  15. Part 4: I-O Psychology and Environmental Sustainability for Tomorrow’s Workforce
    1. Chapter 14. It Takes a World to Sustain a World: International Organizations’ Contributions to Achieving Corporate Environmental Sustainability
      1. United Nations
        1. Climate Change
        2. Resource Depletion
        3. Ecosystem Deterioration and Innovation
        4. Disasters and Conflicts
      2. United Nations Global Compact
        1. Caring for Climate
        2. CEO Water Mandate
        3. Low Carbon Leaders
        4. Transformative Solution Leadership
        5. WindMade
      3. International Labour Organization (ILO)
        1. The Green Collar Job/The Green Economy
      4. Conclusions
      5. References
    2. Chapter 15. Combining I-O Psychology and Technology for an Environmentally Sustainable World
      1. Social Networks
      2. Digital/Virtual Work
        1. E-Learning/Development
        2. E-Recruitment and Selection
          1. Recruitment
          2. Selection
        3. Virtual Work/Telecommuting
        4. Paperless Offices/Cloud Computing
        5. Monitoring, Feedback, and Tracking
      3. Expanding the Focus to Impoverished Regions
      4. References
    3. Chapter 16. Protecting Green Consumers and Investors to Make Business Greener
      1. Protecting Green Consumers and Investors: A Policy for Business Environmentalism
        1. Information for Green Consumers
        2. Information for Green Investors
      2. Business Environmentalism: What are Companies Doing and How is it Working?
      3. Conclusion
      4. Note
      5. References
    4. Chapter 17. O*NET’s National Perspective on the Greening of the World of Work
      1. Occupations and the Green Economy
      2. Identifying Occupational Consequences
        1. Renewable Energy Generation
        2. Transportation
        3. Energy Efficiency
        4. Green Construction
        5. Energy Trading
        6. Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage
        7. Research, Design, and Consulting Services
        8. Environmental Protection
        9. Agriculture and Forestry
        10. Manufacturing
        11. Recycling and Waste Reduction
        12. Governmental and Regulatory Administration
        13. Active O*NET Research on the Green Economy
      3. Greening of Occupations and Strategic Workforce Development
      4. Responding to Workforce Restructuring
        1. Focusing Financial and Human Capital Investments
        2. Identifying and Building Workforce Capabilities
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    5. Chapter 18. What Corporate Environmental Sustainability Can Do for Industrial-Organizational Psychology
      1. CES can Help I-O Psychology Consider the Role of Context and “Go Macro”
      2. CES can Help I-O Psychology be More Open and Explicit About Values
      3. CES can Help I-O Psychology Consider People at Work in Terms of Sustainable Long-Term Investments and Partnerships
      4. CES can Help I-O Psychology Reach Out to Other Fields of Inquiry and Re-Think Traditional Areas of Research and Practice
      5. Conclusions
      6. References
  16. Index

Product information

  • Title: Green Organizations
  • Author(s): Ann Hergatt Huffman, Stephanie R. Klein
  • Release date: June 2013
  • Publisher(s): Routledge
  • ISBN: 9781136499227