Chapter 17

Vacuum Consolidation and Vacuum Consolidation with Heating

Maria Esther Soares Marques1; Serge Leroueil2    1 Military Institute of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil2 Department of Civil and Water Engineering, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, Canada

Abstract

In order to study the vacuum consolidation technique associated with heating, two trial embankments, 13 × 13 m, were executed approximately 30 km north of Montreal at Saint-Roch-de-l’Achigan, Québec, over a typical eastern Canadian sensitive clay deposit. The deposit was submitted to vacuum consolidation and vacuum consolidation with heating. It was the first time that a vacuum consolidation preloading was installed in Canada and the first time that vacuum ...

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