Biological and fermentative production of hydrogen

C. Ding1,2, K.-L. Yang1,  and J. He1     1National University of Singapore, Singapore     2Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Leipzig, Germany


Hydrogen gas is an attractive alternative sustainable energy due to its high energy density and zero greenhouse gas emission after combustion. Biological production of hydrogen by bacteria or algae operates under mild conditions and does not rely on fossil fuels or electricity. This chapter focuses on discussing the principles of hydrogen production by biological processes, including dark fermentation, biophotolysis by both algae and cyanobacteria, photofermentation, microbial electrolysis cell (MEC), cell-free enzymatic systems, ...

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