Section 28

Climate Change

Figures

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Figure 28.1 Examples of important climate system feedbacks that shape the response of the global energy balance and surface temperature to external change. The diagrams show the variables involved in four important feedback processes. The (+/−) signs at the arrows indicate positive/negative influences. (a) The thermal radiation feedback. An external change in forcing that would increase surface temperature would also increase the emission of long-wave radiation (a ‘+’ influence). An increased emission would result in a lower surface temperature (a ‘−’ influence). The enhanced emission of long-wave radiation therefore ...

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