Globalization and Gender in/and Management and Organizations
Globalization. What does globalization mean? A great many things (see Calás and Smircich, this volume). In recent decades, journalists and scholars have exposed the devastating effects of colonial exploitation of vulnerable parts of the planet by various super powers. Colonial forces often controlled and exploited indigenous peoples and their resources and, upon departure, left behind language, cultural, political and economic practices, and other influences that negatively affected the lives of the occupied peoples. A burgeoning international trade made it possible for material goods and practices to ‘migrate’ from one culture to another, fostering a global form of homogenization in, for example, music, ideas, activities, and economic practices. Labor migration, particularly in Europe in the past half-century (and elsewhere), brought less affluent individuals and families to work in more affluent nations where, often, they were (and are) treated as ‘visitors,’ more than as bona fide citizens with guaranteed rights and privileges.
In recent years, multinational corporations have assumed ever more influence on global relations and dynamics. They regularly avoid the constraints of national boundaries by operating in multiple nations and shifting from site to site to avoid taxes and regulation. One might argue, as some have done, that multinational corporations are more powerful than ...