4.10 Inequality of Opportunity: Measurement Issues and Empirical Results

This section will focus on methodological issues and applications of the theory. An excellent survey of the material covered in this section is provided in Ramos and Van de gaer (2012).32

4.10.1 Methodological Issues: General Remarks

We begin with some general remarks for the reader who is familiar with the literature on the measurement of inequality of outcomes. Measuring inequality of opportunity may mean different things. At the most basic level, we may want to encapsulate the inequality of opportunity with an index, as has been done for inequality of outcomes with the Gini, Atkinson, Theil, and others indices. We may be more modest in just wanting to rank distributions, ...

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