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Handbook of Income Distribution by Francois Bourguignon, Anthony B. Atkinson

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Chapter 5

Polarization

Jean-Yves Duclos*; André-Marie Taptué    * IZA, Département d’économique and CIRPÉE, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada Département d’économique and CIRPÉE, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada

Abstract

This chapter reviews the basic conceptual foundations for the measurement of polarization, the origins of those foundations, how polarization is distinct from inequality and other ways of considering distances and differences across individuals, and how polarization can be measured in an economic, a social, and a hybrid socioeconomic perspective. The chapter focuses largely on concepts and measurement, with only cursory overviews both of the empirical polarization literature and of the theoretical polarization/conflict ...

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