Hackers, Crackers, and Computer Criminals
David Dittrich, University of Washington
Kenneth Einar Himma, Seattle Pacific University
Early on, the threat posed by hackers, crackers, and computer criminals was comparatively minor. For starters, most people lacked sufficient access to the new information technologies to be affected in any significant way by computer crime. Equally important, most computer intruders lacked the skills and expertise to do significant damage to affected individuals.
Much has changed in the past 20 to 25 years. An ever-increasing number of people are coming to rely on e-mail, Web access, and other digital information technologies for social, personal, and commercial purposes, and those who lack direct access to these technologies frequently depend on commercial and ...