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Handbook of Natural Antimicrobials for Food Safety and Quality by M Taylor

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3

Plant extracts as antimicrobials in food products

Mechanisms of action, extraction methods, and applications

R. Gyawali, S.A. Hayek,  and S.A. Ibrahim     North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, USA

Abstract

Plants contain a wide variety of active compounds that exhibit antimicrobial activity. Even though the antimicrobial activity of plant extracts is well documented, the exact mechanism of action is not fully understood. The antimicrobial effectiveness of plant extracts depends on effective methods of extraction. Direct extract or juice could provide an effective method to obtain maximized levels of antimicrobial activity. In addition, due to the fairly recent surge in the antibiotic resistance of pathogenic microorganisms and increasing ...

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