Chapter 2

Definitions and Terminology

Ernst Worrell1 and Markus A. Reuter2,3     1Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands     2Outotec Oyj, Espoo, Finland     3Aalto University, Espoo, Finland


Recycling is not a goal in itself, but rather an essential tool to better manage natural resources. Recycling needs to be understood within the context of resource efficiency, and not stand alone. In this chapter recycling is placed in context. The chapter also defines key terminology used when discussing and analyzing recycling.


Material centric; Material efficiency; Product centric; Recycling definitions; Recycling rate

2.1. Introduction

Recycling is not a goal in itself, but rather an ...

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