Chapter 6

Recycling of Steel

Bo Björkman,  and Caisa Samuelsson     MiMeR – Minerals and Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden


Steel is perhaps the most important construction material in the world, providing services for the well-being of mankind. An increased demand for steel services creates demand for steel consumption, and the lifetime of the products in use determines the recycling potential and the need for replacement. At the same time the steel sector contributes 9% to global energy consumption and process-related carbon emissions. This is a figure that is very much dependent on the amount of steel recycled, because production of steel from recycled material can be carried ...

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