Michael Schramm

10Rhetorik und die Zweite Sophistik

Abstract: In scholarship on the imperial era, the term ‘Second Sophistic’ used to signify either, historically, the Greek culture in the framework of the Roman Empire between 50 and 250 AD, or, more broadly, the rhetorical culture and literature of the imperial era as a whole. A narrower understanding focuses on the typical form of rhetoric of the 1st through 3rd centuries AD, characterized by the dominance of declamation and epideictic speeches, for which Philostratus coined the term ‘Second’ or ‘New Sophistic’. The present contribution concentrates on this period described by Philostratus. It attempts to determine the exact meaning of the term ‘sophistic’ as opposed to ‘rhetoric’, outlines ...

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