Chapter 2: Quantum States, Operations, and Measurements
This chapter covers the basic mathematics that is required to understand the subsequent chapters. We will use Python as a tool for understanding the mathematical concepts covered in this chapter.
We will start with a brief introduction to linear algebra, which forms the basis of quantum information processing. Then we will provide a brief history of quantum mechanics, and link this to the definition of a qubit. Finally, we will cover the quantum operations; both unitary operations and quantum measurements (which are non-unitary).
We will cover the following main topics in this chapter:
- An introduction to linear algebra
- Exploring the history of quantum information processing
- Understanding ...