Biological neural networks

The inspiration for neural networks derives from studies on information-processing mechanisms in the biological nervous system, the human brain; in fact, much of the research on neural networks has precisely the purpose of investigating these mechanisms. An artificial neural network is made up of many neurons or simple processors. An artificial neuron mimics the characteristics of a biological neuron—every cell in the human nervous system can receive, process, and transmit electrical signals.

It consists of four basic parts, namely, the following:

  • Body cell
  • Synapses
  • Axon
  • Dendrites

The dendrites receive electrical information from other neurons through the synapses and transmit them to the body of the cell. Here, ...

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