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Healing the Wounds: Overcoming the Trauma of Layoffs and Revitalizing Downsized Organizations by David M. Noer

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9.2. Codependent Relationships

Humans beginning with Adam and Eve have had codependent relationships. The term, however, was first used only in 1979, and to describe the relationship of a significant other with an alcoholic (Beattie, 1987). The initial, and relatively simple, idea was that people who deny their feelings, alter their identity, and invest a great amount of energy in the attempt to control an alcoholic share the alcoholic's addiction: they are codependent with the alcoholic. The idea has been expanded to cover many other forms of addiction, and some social scientists think that codependency is an underlying primary disease in itself.

Third-level interventions help individuals break organizational codependency and lead a self-empowered ...

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