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Healing the Wounds: Overcoming the Trauma of Layoffs and Revitalizing Downsized Organizations by David M. Noer

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10.8. Learnings and Implications

Level 4 interventions are the supporting and complementary systems changes that will promote the climate that invites individual empowerment and autonomy. These new paradigm systems changes can foster the individual acts of courage necessary to break organizational codependency. Level 4 interventions are chicken-and-egg situations. It is hard to say which comes first, the change in the system or the change in the individual, because the two changes are totally interdependent. In today's multicultural global economy, neither is easy or lends itself to a prescription or a quick fix. Moreover, the need for change is no one's fault; it is a systems issue. The implicit assumptions in the old employment contract fit ...

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