Symbolic leaders see an ambiguous world in which meaning is created rather than given. They follow a consistent set of scripts and rituals to take advantage of the interpretive opportunities and challenges they encounter.
- They lead by example.
- They use symbols to unite and inspire followers.
- They interpret experience.
- They develop and communicate a hopeful vision.
- They tell stories.
- They convene rituals and ceremonies.
- They respect and use history.