In conclusion: a sort of summary

From the end of 1914 until the middle of 1918, during the First World War, the Western Front was locked. None of the generals from any of the parties involved was capable of finding a solution, apart from sending millions of men to the slaughter over the four consecutive years during which no progress was made. One British general even said: “I don’t know what to do… this is not war!”.1

The managers of the countries and armies who fought in the Second World War had studied and analysed the First World War in detail. Many had even taken an active part in its battles. This meant that their initial premise was that they should never repeat the mistakes made by their elders. And yet, despite their determination, ...

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