Appendix A

The Generalized Symmetric Form of Maxwell's Equations

For a linear, homogeneous and isotropic medium, the time-harmonic, symmetric form of Maxwell's equations, i.e., the form in which both electric and fictitious magnetic charges and currents are taken into account, can be written as follows:

×E=jωμHM,

Image(A.1)

×H=jωεE+J,

Image(A.2)

E=1ερe,

Image(A.3)

H=1μρm.

(A.4)

Note that M and ρm are the fictitious magnetic surface current and charge density, ...

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