Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Laws

This section explains the federal laws governing equal employment opportunity. It is recommended, however, that you check with your state and local governments' fair employment practice agencies for additional laws and regulations that may have an impact on the equal employment opportunity practices of your agency.

Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871

The Civil Rights Act of 1866, based on the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibits racial discrimination in the making and enforcement of contracts, which includes hiring and promotion decisions. Private employers, unions, and employment agencies fall under its coverage.

The Civil Rights Act of 1871 covers state and local governments. Based ...

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