Types of Information Systems

There are five main types of information systems, each serving a different organizational level: operational-level systems, knowledge-level systems, expert-based systems, management-level systems, and strategic-level systems.

Operational-Level Systems

Operational-level systems support operational managers by helping keep track of the elementary activities and transactions of the organization, such as the clinical and administrative health care information related to patient encounters (Wager, Lee, & Glaser, 2009). Examples of patient-specific clinical information are patient records, including such items as medication records, progress notes, consultations, physicians' orders, imaging and X-ray results, lab results, ...

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