1 Introduction

1.1 Paradoxes of EU policies for human rights and democracy

Human rights and democracy have challenged Westphalian concepts of state sovereignty and non-interference since the end of the Second World War, and especially since the fall of the Berlin wall. States and organizations of states have increasingly resorted to such principles to define their foreign policy agenda, going as far as to use them to justify military interventionism. Over the past twenty years the EU has built its own commitment to pursuing human rights and democracy around the world based on so-called ‘EU values’ and on the EU's ‘political and moral weight’ (European Commission 2001c).

The ways in which the EU has committed itself to human rights and democracy ...

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