3 Rhetoric and tools: the genesis of EU human rights and democracy policies

3.1 The emergence of human rights and democracy in the EU foreign policy agenda

The Union's action on the international scene shall be guided by the principles which have inspired its own creation, development and enlargement, and which it seeks to advance in the wider world: democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and individual freedoms […] (Art. 21 TEU cons).

The Lisbon Treaty confirms the commitments made to promoting global human rights and democracy as a projection of the EU's internal make-up and its experience with enlargement. Yet the shift towards making human rights and democracy treaty-based foreign policy objectives ...

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