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Human Rights and Democracy in EU Foreign Policy by Rosa Balfour

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8 Implementing human rights and democracy: torture in Egypt

8.1 Introduction

Torture has been identified as the single largest human rights violation in Egypt, both for its pervasiveness as a method used by the secret and ordinary police, and for its recurrence. Individual cases as well as the general problem were repeatedly raised by international and Egyptian NGOs even if the issue has rarely raised any attention in the European press.

Torture was not just an internal matter. Cairo justified it because Egypt was at the forefront of the fight against terrorism of Islamic inspiration (Doran 1999, Hinnebusch 2002). Mubarak's strategy shifted from appeasing the Muslim Brotherhood (the largest Islamist group in Egypt) while cracking down on ...

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