Chapter 4

1. In his frequently quoted presidential address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 11 August 1947, Muhammad Ali Jinnah had pointedly said, ‘You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the State.’ Apparently, Quaid-e-Azam had failed to understand the force of idea he had helped propagate: religion as the basis of stateformation had struck roots in Pakistani psyche.

2. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected Chairman of the Allahabad Municipal Board on 3 April 1923, where he had the first taste of obstacles to bringing about changes in entrenched ...

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