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Human Side of Project Leadership by Aaron J. Shenhar, Richard R. Reilly, Ann Mooney, Thomas Lechler, Patricia Holahan, Peter Dominick, Zvi Aronson, Allen C. Amason

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CHAPTER 2

Transformational Leadership Theory and Hypotheses

The concept of transformational leadership was first expressed by Burns (1978) in his qualitative classification of transactional and transformational political leaders. The concept was subsequently applied to leadership research by House (1977) and Bass (1981).

Transformational leadership is often contrasted to transactional leadership. Their distinctions are found in the component behaviors used to influence others and the effects of the leader on others (Yukl 2002). In general, transactional leadership behaviors focus on coping with task-related complexities. As a result, transactional leadership helps to establish order and provide consistency in achieving specific goals. Their ...

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