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Hydroxyapatite by Yoshiki Oshida

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CHAPTER 3

PREPARATION OF HYDROXYAPATITE

Yoshiki Oshida and Yutaka Ikeda

3.1   INTRODUCTION

The successful application of metallic implants relies on their ability to become osseointegrated. In order to achieve this, functionalization of the metal surface through coating with hydroxyapatite (HA) is commonly performed. There are a variety of sources for HA materials, including xenogeneic biowaste and natural sea products, as well as other types of calcium phosphates, which can be converted to HA structure. As to HA forms and shapes, there are also various types, including rodlike, flowerlike, whiskers, thin films, porosity-controlled macro-, micro-, or nanosize powder, foams, and others [1]. In this chapter, we will identify various types of sources ...

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