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Hydroxyapatite by Yoshiki Oshida

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CHAPTER 8

BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES

Yoshiki Oshida and Mikio Fukushima

8.1   INTRODUCTION

Both biomimetic materials and biomimetic structures are involved in tissue engineering. We will start this chapter with tissue engineering in general.

Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, collagenous scaffolds, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physiochemical factors to improve or replace biological functions of structural tissues (i.e., bone, cartilage, blood vessels, bladder, skin, muscle, and so on), or produce a fully functional organ for implantation back into the donor host. These are tissues that function by virtue of their mechanical properties. Since this technique will allow organs to ...

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