Organizations are dynamic systems in which the change in one element necessitates changes in all the others. Many models have been developed to represent this fact graphically; after all, a picture is worth a thousand words.
The 7-S model was developed by Tom Peters and Robert Waterman when they were at the management consulting firm McKinsey & Company (figure 3-2).
Source: Reprinted with permission from McKinsey & Company.
The model includes three hard Ss—strategy, structure, and systems—and four soft Ss—style (culture), staff, skills, and shared values. The hard Ss are easy ...