India's Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Book description


An analysis of the current (February 2009) status and future potential of India's nuclear fuel cycle is presented in this book. Such a fuel cycle assessment is important, but relatively opaque because India regards various aspects of its nuclear fuel cycle as strategically sensitive. Any study therefore necessarily depends upon reverse calculations based on the information that is available, expert assessments, engineering judgment and anecdotal information. In this work every effort is made to provide transparency to these foundations, so that changes can be made in light of alternative expectations or subsequent information. This book should be of interest to policy experts, governmental specialists, technologists, nuclear technologists, and others seeking to understand and explain the associated facts and potential consequences of the recent U.S.-India civil nuclear accord.

Table of Contents: Introduction / A Brief History of the Indian Nuclear Program / Indian Nuclear Facilities / Fuel Cycle Analysis: From Beginning to Present Day / Fuel Cycle Analysis: Future Projections / Alternate Reactor Systems / Conclusions / Acknowledgements

Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Introduction
    1. Motivation for this Study
    2. Objectives of the Study
  3. A Brief History of the Indian Nuclear Program
    1. The Inception Phase of the Program: 1944-1960
    2. Early Weapons Development Efforts: 1960-1966
    3. Negotiations and Aftermath of the Non-Proliferation Treaty: 1966 -- 1974
    4. India's Isolation Following Operation Smiling Buddha: 1975--1998
    5. Pokhran-II Tests in 1998
    6. Following the Pokhran II Tests: 1999 - 2006
    7. Current State of the Indian Nuclear Program
  4. Indian Nuclear Facilities
    1. Power Reactors
    2. Research and Plutonium Production Reactors
    3. Uranium Enrichment Facilities
    4. Heavy Water Production Facilities
    5. Fuel Fabrication Facilities
    6. Reprocessing Facilities
    7. Uranium Mining, Milling, and Conversion Facilities
  5. Fuel Cycle Analysis: From Beginning to Present Day
    1. Assessment of Natural Uranium Production
    2. Assessment of Power Production and Uranium Consumed
    3. Assessment of Enriched Uranium Production
      1. Theory of Enrichment Calculations
      2. The Nuclear Submarine Program
    4. Assessment of Plutonium Production and Use: 1947--1974
    5. Assessment of Plutonium Production and Use: 1947--1998
    6. Assessment of Plutonium Production and Use: 1947--2006
  6. Fuel Cycle Analysis: Future Projections
    1. Presuming NO Agreeable U.S.--India Nuclear Cooperation
      1. Presuming NO Agreeable U.S.--India Nuclear Cooperation
        1. Future of Existing Nuclear Power Program
        2. Future of Fast Breeder Program
        3. Effect on Weapons Program
      2. Projections under Adopted U.S.--India Nuclear Accord (1/2)
      3. Projections under Adopted U.S.--India Nuclear Accord (2/2)
        1. Future of Nuclear Power Program
        2. Future of Fast Breeder Program
        3. Future of Weapons Program
      4. Alternate Reactor Systems (1/6)
      5. Alternate Reactor Systems (2/6)
      6. Alternate Reactor Systems (3/6)
      7. Alternate Reactor Systems (4/6)
      8. Alternate Reactor Systems (5/6)
      9. Alternate Reactor Systems (6/6)
        1. 6Alternate Reactor Systems for the Proposed Nuclear Fuel Cycle
          1. Thermal Breeder Reactor Design Concept
          2. The Theory of Breeder Reactors
          3. Reactor Physics Simulations
            1. The SCALE Code System
            2. Simulation Details and Design Iterations
            3. Results from Simulations
            4. Optimized Design
          4. Implementation of Alternate Reactor System
            1. 6.4Implementation of Alternate Reactor System in India's Nuclear Fuel Cycle
              1. Description of Alternate Future Fuel Cycle
              2. Metrics of Interest
              3. Comparisons to Existing Indian Fuel Cycle
            2. Conclusions
            3. Acknowledgements
          5. Biography

Product information

  • Title: India's Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • Author(s): Taraknath V. K. Woddi, William S. Charlton, Paul Nelson
  • Release date: August 2009
  • Publisher(s): Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781598299854