244 ◾ Industrial Applications of High-Performance Computing
17.2 PORSCHE AS A SPECIAL CASE
For Porsche—as the smallest of all German car manufacturers— high-
performance computing (HPC) was especially important but also a huge
investment. Given the need to maintain a steady pace of development and
the relatively small number of units sold, simulation was very early on
considered to be a chance to survive in an increasingly competitive mar-
ket. So, for Porsche, simulation was one of the cornerstones in overcoming
the disadvantage of being a small and independent vendor.
As Porsche traditionally already had a very good relationship with the
University of Stuttgart, Porsche started to collaborate with the comput-
ing center of the university in the second half of the 1980s. Many of the
key engineers at Porsche were alumni of the University of Stuttgart and
the Porsche development center was close to Stuttgart. Common develop-
ment in engineering between Porsche and several institutes of the univer-
sity had a long tradition. Proximity and the trust that had been built over
decades of collaboration provided an excellent breeding ground.
First, the main focus was on crash simulation and common projects.
e ever-growing need for computing power soon led to the rst coopera-
tion. e University of Stuttgart was hosting Porsche systems as early as
1993. ey were still owned by Porsche but were integrated into the opera-
tional environment of the computing center. As much as this was an early
success, it soon turned out that a more stable model for cooperation had
to be found, as with every new acquisition of a system new arrangements
had to be found to guarantee industrial access.
17.3 SUSTAINABLE HPC PROVISIONING THROUGH
A PUBLIC–PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
With the foundation of Hww* in 1995 as described in Chapter 5, a plat-
form was provided to continuously make research systems available to
industry. At the same time the High-Performance Computing Center
Stuttgart (HLRS) was founded, which served as the entry point of Porsche
into academic HPC. rough HLRS and Hww, Porsche had access to
world-class resources with a focus still mainly on crash simulations. Issues
of networking and security had to be resolved but solutions were found
based on mutual understanding and exploiting improved network and
security technologies as much as possible.
Hww stands for Höchstleistungsrechner für Wissenscha und Wirtscha GmbH, which is the
interface between HLRS and industry.