A View from International Data Corporation (IDC) ◾ 317
the International Data Corporation (IDC) report on which much of this
chapter is based:
1. e rst perspective is from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA), a government organization that, for many
years, has relied on HPC to produce its National Weather Service
forecasts and other leading-edge work.
2. e second perspective comes from PayPal, a successful, global
e-commerce company that adopted HPC not long ago for real-time
detection of online fraud and now plans to extend HPC use to an-
ity marketing and other applications.
24.2 IDC OPINION
HPC, once a niche market serving government- and university-based
researchers, began penetrating Tier-1 commercial rms in the late 1970s.
HPC quickly established itself as a game changer for accelerating innova-
tion and competitiveness in public- and private-sector organizations. e
arrival of commercial-grade clusters in 2001–2002 made HPC aordable
even for most small- and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) and startups,
with HPC system prices now starting at under $10,000. During the past
two decades, HPC has been one of the fastest growing markets in infor-
mation technology (IT), expanding from $2 billion in 1990 to $21.9 billion
in 2012. Few people would have imagined at the dawn of the supercom-
puter era that HPC systems would be used to help design products ranging
from cars and airplanes to golf clubs, potato chips, and diapers—much
less to enable a company such as PayPal to detect online consumer fraud
in near real time.
IDC forecasts that
• Commercial HPC adoption will continue to ramp up, helping to
propel the HPC market to $29 billion in 2017.
• As more companies of all sizes in more markets learn to exploit HPC
to speed and improve innovation, competitors lacking this advan-
tage will fall behind.
• Successful corporate chief information ocers (CIOs) will need to
gain a basic understanding of HPC and ensure that their organiza-
tions carefully consider whether to adopt this technology.