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Industrial Chemical Process Analysis and Design

Book Description

Industrial Chemical Process Analysis and Design uses chemical engineering principles to explain the transformation of basic raw materials into major chemical products. The book discusses traditional processes to create products like nitric acid, sulphuric acid, ammonia, and methanol, as well as more novel products like bioethanol and biodiesel.

Historical perspectives show how current chemical processes have developed over years or even decades to improve their yields, from the discovery of the chemical reaction or physico-chemical principle to the industrial process needed to yield commercial quantities. Starting with an introduction to process design, optimization, and safety, Martin then provides stand-alone chapters—in a case study fashion—for commercially important chemical production processes. Computational software tools like MATLAB®, Excel, and Chemcad are used throughout to aid process analysis.

  • Integrates principles of chemical engineering, unit operations, and chemical reactor engineering to understand process synthesis and analysis
  • Combines traditional computation and modern software tools to compare different solutions for the same problem
  • Includes historical perspectives and traces the improving efficiencies of commercially important chemical production processes
  • Features worked examples and end-of-chapter problems with solutions to show the application of concepts discussed in the text

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. Chapter 1. The chemical industry
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Evolution of the Chemical Industry
    3. 1.2 Chemical Industry in Figures
    4. References
  8. Chapter 2. Chemical processes
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction to Process Engineering
    3. 2.2 Principles of Process Design
    4. 2.3 Flow Diagrams
    5. 2.4 Mass and Energy Balances Review
    6. 2.5 Optimization and Process Control
    7. 2.6 Safe Process Design
    8. 2.7 Process Sustainability
    9. 2.8 Problems
    10. References
  9. Chapter 3. Air
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Air Separation
    4. 3.3 Atmospheric pollution
    5. 3.4 Humid air
    6. 3.5 Problems
    7. References
  10. Chapter 4. Water
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Seawater as Raw Material
    4. 4.3 Water–Energy Nexus
    5. 4.4 Problems
    6. References
  11. Chapter 5. Syngas
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Stage I: Syngas Production
    4. 5.3 Stage II: Gas Purification
    5. 5.4 Stage III: Synthesis
    6. 5.5 Problems
    7. References
  12. Chapter 6. Nitric acid
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Production Processes
    4. 6.3 Emission Control and Building Issues
    5. 6.4 Problems
    6. References
  13. Chapter 7. Sulfuric acid
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Pyrite Roasting
    4. 7.3 Sulfuric Acid Production
    5. 7.4 Problems
    6. References
  14. Chapter 8. Biomass
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Biomass Types and Preprocessing
    3. 8.2 Intermediate Processing
    4. 8.3 Product Purification
    5. 8.4 Thermodynamic Cycles
    6. 8.5 Problems
    7. References
  15. Appendix A. General nomenclature
    1. Subindex
  16. Appendix B. Thermodynamic data
    1. B.1 Thermochemistry
    2. B.2 Antoine Correlation and Phase Change
    3. B.3 Heat of Solution (25°C)
    4. B.4 Steam Properties
  17. Appendix C. Solutions to end-of-chapter problems
    1. C.1 Chapter 2
    2. C.2 Chapter 3
    3. C.3 Chapter 4
    4. C.4 Chapter 5
    5. C.5 Chapter 6
    6. C.6 Chapter 7
    7. C.7 Chapter 8
  18. Index