Chapter 1

The chemical industry


In this chapter the evolution of the use of raw materials and processing technologies over the history of humankind is discussed. The aim is to present a brief history of the processes that will be evaluated throughout the text. Thus this chapter provides an overview to show why and how different raw materials gained support over time and the processing technologies evolved from simple processes to those used currently, based on a detailed understanding of the physical–chemical–biological foundations. Finally, a brief comment on the chemical industry (in figures) is presented at the end of the chapter.


Chemical industry; process development; industrial chemistry

1.1 Evolution of the Chemical Industry ...

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