Chapter 5

Syngas

Abstract

In this chapter, various carbonous raw materials, from biomass to fossil fuels (ie, coal, crude oil, and natural gas) are evaluated for the production of syngas. Syngas refers either to the mixture of nitrogen and hydrogen, the kind of mixture needed for ammonia production, or carbon monoxide/hydrogen (CO:H2) mixtures, the building blocks for the production of methanol, hydrocarbons, synthetic gasoline and diesel, or ethanol. The operation and performance of gasification and reforming technologies, as well as gas processing units, are analyzed based on unit operation and reactor engineering approaches, including mass and energy balances. Once the syngas is obtained, reactor engineering and process modeling using gProms ...

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