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Industrial Chemical Process Analysis and Design by Mariano Martín Martín

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Chapter 6

Nitric acid

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the evaluation of nitric acid production. Apart from presenting the different methods used over time, and the technical and historical reasons for using the various technologies, the complete analysis of current processes is presented based on mass and energy balances. Furthermore, the performance of the units involved in the process is also evaluated using a unit operations approach and reactor engineering analysis, including kinetics, and chemical and phase equilibria. Examples in MATLAB are provided for the oxidation of NO in a reactor tower, and the study of the equilibrium of phases allows analysis of the performance of nitric acid concentration.

Keywords

Nitric acid; ammonia; extractive ...

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