Chapter 8

Biomass

Abstract

Biomass is a natural carbonous resource. It is used to produce syngas (already evaluated in chapter: Syngas). Lately however, new bioprocesses have been developed to produce a number of biofuels and power in an attempt to reduce our dependence on fossil resources. In this chapter the processes that transform biomass into sugars and oil via biochemical pathways are analyzed. The main examples, such as the production of biodiesel and bioethanol, are shown. The performance of the biomass pretreatments, chemical reactions, and final product purifications are analyzed based on mass and energy balances, reaction engineering principles with examples in MATLAB, and unit operation approaches for product purification, including ...

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