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Infochemistry: Information Processing at the Nanoscale

Book Description

Infochemistry: Information Processing at the Nanoscale, defines a new field of science, and describes the processes, systems and devices at the interface between chemistry and information sciences. The book is devoted to the application of molecular species and nanostructures to advanced information processing. It includes the design and synthesis of suitable materials and nanostructures, their characterization, and finally applications of molecular species and nanostructures for information storage and processing purposes.

Divided into twelve chapters; the first three chapters serve as an introduction to the basic concepts of digital information processing, its development, limitations and finally introduces some alternative concepts for prospective technologies. Chapters four and five discuss traditional low-dimensional metals and semiconductors and carbon nanostructures respectively, while further chapters discuss Photoelectrochemical photocurrent switching and related phenomena and self-organization and self-assembly. Chapters eight, nine and ten discuss information processing at the molecular level, and eleven describes information processing in natural systems. The book concludes with a discussion of the future prospects for the field.

Further topics:

  • Traditional electronic device development is rapidly approaching a limit, so molecular scale information processing is critical in order to meet increasing demand for high computational power

  • Characterizes chemical systems not according to their chemical nature, but according to their role as prospective information technology elements

  • Covers the application of molecular species and nanostructures as molecular scale logic gates, switches, memories, and complex computing devices

This book will be of particular interest to researchers in nanoelectronics, organic electronics, optoelectronics, chemistry and materials science.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Preface: Why “Infochemistry”?
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction to the Theory of Information
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Definition and Properties of Information
    3. 1.3 Principles of Boolean Algebra
    4. 1.4 Digital Information Processing and Logic Gates
    5. 1.5 Ternary and Higher Logic Calculi
    6. 1.6 Irreversible vs Reversible Logic
    7. 1.7 Quantum Logic
    8. Refrences
  8. Chapter 2: Physical and Technological Limits of Classical Electronics
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Fundamental Limitations of Information Processing
    3. 2.3 Technological Limits of Miniaturization
    4. Refrences
  9. Chapter 3: Changing the Paradigm: Towards Computation with Molecules
    1. Refrences
  10. Chapter 4: Low-Dimensional Metals and Semiconductors
    1. 4.1 Dimensionality and Morphology of Nanostructures
    2. 4.2 Electrical and Optical Properties of Nanoobjects and Nanostructures
    3. 4.3 Molecular Scale Engineering of Semiconducting Surfaces
    4. Refrences
  11. Chapter 5: Carbon Nanostructures
    1. 5.1 Nanoforms of Carbon
    2. 5.2 Electronic Structure and Properties of Graphene
    3. 5.3 Carbon Nanotubes
    4. 5.4 Conjugated and Polyaromatic Systems
    5. 5.5 Nanocarbon and Organic Semiconductor Devices
    6. Refrences
  12. Chapter 6: Photoelectrochemical Photocurrent Switching and Related Phenomena
    1. 6.1 Photocurrent Generation and Switching in Neat Semiconductors
    2. 6.2 Photocurrent Switching in MIM Organic Devices
    3. 6.3 Photocurrent Switching in Semiconducting Composites
    4. 6.4 Photocurrent Switching in Surface-Modified Semiconductors
    5. Refrences
  13. Chapter 7: Self-Organization and Self-Assembly in Supramolecular Systems
    1. 7.1 Supramolecular Assembly: Towards Molecular Devices
    2. 7.2 Self-Assembled Semiconducting Structures
    3. 7.3 Self-Assembly at Solid Interfaces
    4. 7.4 Controlling Self-Assembly of Nanoparticles
    5. 7.5 Self-Assembly and Molecular Electronics
    6. Refrences
  14. Chapter 8: Molecular-Scale Electronics
    1. 8.1 Electron Transfer and Molecular Junctions
    2. 8.2 Nanoscale Electromagnetism
    3. 8.3 Molecular Rectifiers
    4. Refrences
  15. Chapter 9: Molecular Logic Gates
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Chemically Driven Logic Gates
    3. 9.3 All-Optical Logic Gates
    4. 9.4 Electrochemical Logic Systems
    5. Refrences
  16. Chapter 10: Molecular Computing Systems
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Reconfigurable and Superimposed Molecular Logic Devices
    3. 10.3 Concatenated Chemical Logic Systems
    4. 10.4 Molecular-Scale Digital Communication
    5. 10.5 Molecular Arithmetics: Adders and Subtractors
    6. 10.6 Molecular-Scale Security Systems
    7. 10.7 Noise and Error Propagation in Concatenated Systems
    8. Refrences
  17. Chapter 11: Bioinspired and Biomimetic Logic Devices
    1. 11.1 Information Processing in Natural Systems
    2. 11.2 Protein-Based Digital Systems
    3. 11.3 Binary Logic Devices based on Nucleic Acids
    4. 11.4 Logic Devices Based on Whole Organisms
    5. Refrences
  18. Chapter 12: Concluding Remarks and Future Prospects
    1. Refrences
  19. index