Chapter 18


Ancient structures, such as the Greek temple of Apollo at Delphi or the Anasazi cliff dwellings in Colorado’s Mesa Verde National Park, were built while considering natural features (Johnston and Gibson 2008). These principles were largely ignored in the post-World War II era; for example, when very little or no attention was paid to utilizing the sun, wind and topography to minimize energy consumption. The outcome was unsustainable residential subdivisions whose developers cleared the land and altered nature. Now turning back to sustainable practices, designers are reintroducing methods to construct dwellings on undeveloped virgin land while minimizing their environmental footprints.

When building with nature, ...

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