O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Integrating Emergency Management and Disaster Behavioral Health

Book Description

Integrating Emergency Management and Disaster Behavioral Health identifies the most critical areas of integration between the profession of emergency management and the specialty of disaster behavioral health, providing perspectives from both of these critical areas, and also including very practical advice and examples on how to address key topics.

Each chapter features primary text written by a subject matter expert from a related field that is accompanied by a comment by another profession that is then illustrated with a case study of, or a suggested method for, collaboration.

  • Addresses the current state of the collaboration between the emergency management and disaster behavioral health communities as presented from pioneers in their respective fields
  • Focuses on practical examples of what works and what doesn’t
  • Stresses both legal and ethical considerations and the public-private partnerships that are important for leadership in disaster situations
  • Covers Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs) and risk communication

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. List of Contributors
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Introduction
    1. Topic Selection
    2. Structure
    3. Terminology
  9. Section I: Context
    1. Section I. Context
    2. Chapter 1. Where Emergency Management and Disaster Behavioral Health Meet: Through an Emergency Management Lens
      1. Abstract
      2. An Emergency Management Perspective
        1. National Incident Management System and the Incident Command System
        2. Threat, Hazard, and Risk Assessments
        3. All Hazards Planning
        4. Whole Community
        5. Resiliency
      3. A Disaster Behavioral Health Perspective
        1. Foundation: Incident Command Structure
        2. Understanding the Difference Between Typical Community Mental Health Care and DBH Services
        3. Chasing Damage
        4. Mass Casualty Events
        5. Preparing for the DBH Effects of Disaster
        6. DBH in the Recovery Phase
        7. Workforce Behavioral Health Protection
        8. Recommendations for the Future
      4. Making Integration Work
    3. Chapter 2. Where Emergency Management and Disaster Behavioral Health Meet: Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
      1. Abstract
      2. A Disaster Behavioral Health Perspective
        1. Introduction
        2. The Formation of the Field
        3. The Ideal of Integration
        4. Emerging Forces Driving Policy
        5. The Focus on Resilience
        6. Central Challenges to Address
        7. Future Directions
      3. An Emergency Management Perspective
        1. Meeting the Needs of Disaster Survivors
        2. Meeting the Needs of Disaster Workers
        3. Opportunities for Promoting Integration
      4. Making Integration Work
    4. Chapter 3. Why Is Integrating Disaster Behavior Health Essential to Emergency Management? Challenges and Opportunities
      1. Abstract
      2. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. An Emerging Profession
        2. Looking at Clouds from Both Sides: A First Person Account From an Emergency Manager
      3. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. Wellness in Chaos
      4. Making Integration Work
        1. Identify Behavioral Health Resources
        2. Explore Scope and Limits of Practice and Availability
        3. Orientation to the World of Emergency Management
        4. Assure BH Focus on Both Survivors and Workers
        5. Establish and Support a Positive EM Culture
        6. Include DBH Professionals in Exercises and Drills
        7. Focus on Shared Needs and Challenges
        8. Monitor, Evaluate, and Revise the Nature and Success of Integration
    5. Chapter 4. Why Is Integrating Emergency Management Essential to Disaster Behavioral Health? Challenges and Opportunities
      1. Abstract
      2. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. The Culture of Emergency Management
        2. The Culture of Disaster Behavioral Health
        3. A Brief Review of Disaster Behavioral Health Literature (1977–2016)
        4. Integration Through the Assimilation of Two Cultures
        5. Systemic Considerations
        6. Web Links
      3. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. Why Does Disaster Behavioral Health Need Emergency Management?
        2. How Can Integration Be Facilitated?
        3. Factors Hindering Integration
        4. Strategies to Help DBH Gain and Sustain Integration
      4. Making Integration Work
        1. Empowerment at Work: An example of State System Integration
        2. The Promise of an Integrated DBH and EM
  10. Section II: Key Areas of Integration
    1. Section II. Key Areas of Integration
    2. Chapter 5. Integration in Disasters of Different Types, Severity, and Location
      1. Abstract
      2. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. Complex Systems Thinking for EM and DBH Integration in Disasters
        2. Different Levels of Disaster Response
        3. Concluding Comments and Take-Home Lessons for EM and DBH Professionals
      3. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. An Emergency Management Perspective
        2. Integration in an Urban Evacuation: Yonkers Mudslide
        3. Integration in a Multicultural Mass Violence Event: Binghamton New York Shootings
        4. Integration in a Human Exploitation Case: Forced Labor of Deaf Mexicans
        5. Integration in a Terrorist Event: The Boston Marathon
        6. Understanding Variations in Local, State, and Federal Disaster Authorities
      4. Making Integration Work
    3. Chapter 6. Not All Disasters Are the Same: Understanding Similarities and Differences
      1. Abstract
      2. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. Nature of Preparedness
        2. Nature of Foundation Elements
        3. Nature of Current Services
      3. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. Predisaster Strategies
        2. Postdisaster Strategies
        3. The Future of Integration
      4. Making Integration Work
    4. Chapter 7. What Can DBH Actually Do To Make Emergency Managers Jobs Easier?
      1. Abstract
      2. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. Consultation to Leadership
        2. Survivor Stress
        3. Responder Stress
        4. Understanding the Body and Brain Responses to Extreme Situations: What It Means for Integration
        5. Risk Communication/Media Information
        6. Training and Education
        7. Program Evaluation, Measurement, and Monitoring
        8. Tracking, Documenting, and Projecting Behavioral Health Consequences
      3. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. Introduction
        2. Topic Areas
        3. Benefits to Emergency Managers
      4. Making Integration Work
    5. Chapter 8. Expanding the Tent: How Training and Education Partnerships with Other Professions Can Enhance Both EM and BH
      1. Abstract
      2. Through and Emergency Management Lens
        1. The Course Syllabus: Disaster Behavioral Health for Emergency Managers
        2. Bringing Allied Professions into the Tent
        3. Emergency Management Training and Education and Disaster Behavioral Health
        4. Summary and Further Thoughts
      3. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB)
        2. Education/Training Strategies in Disaster Behavioral Health
        3. Obstacles in Cross Training
      4. Making Integration Work
    6. Chapter 9. Linking with Private Sector Business and Industry
      1. Abstract
      2. History and Overview
      3. Role of Private Sector and Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Emergency Response and Recovery
      4. Evolution of Disaster Complexity and Private Sector Collaboration
      5. Community Support
      6. Integrating Volunteers into Disaster Response
      7. Strategic Steps Toward Accomplishing Emergency Management, Disaster Behavioral Health, and Private Sector Integration
      8. Conclusion
      9. Making Integration Work
  11. Section III: Special Opportunities to Enhance Integration
    1. Section III. Special Opportunities to Enhance Integration
    2. Chapter 10. Integration in the Emergency Operations Center (EOC)/Emergency Communications Center (ECC)
      1. Abstract
      2. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. An Emergency Manager’s First Hand Account of Encountering Behavioral Health Effects
        2. Emergency Operations Centers
        3. Emergency Communications Centers
        4. Linking the EOC, ECC, and Field Operations
        5. Integrating Behavioral Health in the EOC and ECC
        6. Conclusion
      3. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. Why it is Important for DBH Personnel to be Located in an EOC and What Roles Can They Play?
        2. Challenges in Integrating Within the EOC
        3. Defining Terms and Mutual Education
        4. Establishing the Partnership
      4. Making Integration Work
    3. Chapter 11. Risk and Crisis Communications
      1. Abstract
      2. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. Mutual Understanding of Roles and Skills
        2. Mutual Respect and Trust
        3. Working with Emergency Managers to Increase Understanding of Victim Priorities
        4. Working with Emergency Managers to Develop Anticipatory Guidance
        5. Fostering Emergency Managers’ Communication with Victims
        6. Assisting in Crafting Messages
        7. Assisting in Monitoring and Managing Stress of Emergency Management Personnel
        8. Conclusion
      3. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. Today’s Communication Environment
        2. A Systems Approach to Effective Communication during Disasters
        3. Summary
      4. Making Integration Work
    4. Chapter 12. How to Navigate External Factors: Legal, Ethical, and Political Issues
      1. Abstract
      2. Through an Emergency Management Lens
        1. Some Important Context: Speed and Privacy
        2. Evolution of the Disaster Assistance Application Process
        3. The Evolution of Disaster Behavioral Health Services
        4. The Intent and Complications of Providing Assistance
        5. Fraud and PII
        6. In-Person Contact
        7. The Current Process: What DBH Needs to Know About Information Sharing
      3. Through a Disaster Behavioral Health Lens
        1. What are the Relevant Current Laws, Policies, and Ethical Guidances for Disaster Behavioral Health Services?
        2. How Does the Disaster Context Impact Ethical, Legal, and Policy Questions?
        3. What are the Long-Term Ethical and Policy Concerns for Impacted Individuals and Communities?
      4. Making Integration Work
    5. Chapter 13. Sustaining Integration: A Way Forward
      1. Abstract
      2. Why Integration Breaks Down
      3. Four Pillars of Sustained Integration
    6. Chapter 14. Conclusion/Summary
      1. Key Findings
      2. Conclusion
  12. Index