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Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP by Adam Dunkels, Jean-Philippe Vasseur

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Chapter 11

Smart Object Hardware and Software

Smart objects are defined both by their physical appearance (the hardware) and by their behavior (the software). In this chapter we discuss the typical hardware design of a smart object, the various ways that the software of the smart objects typically is designed, and the implications of software mechanisms on the power consumption of the smart objects.

11.1 Hardware

Smart objects contain a piece of hardware, which is a set of electrical circuits. The hardware consists of four main components, as shown in Figure 11.1:

• Communication device: This gives the smart object its communication capabilities. It is typically either a radio transceiver with an antenna or a wired connection.

• Microcontroller: ...

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