The underlying theme in financial reporting is that a company's assets should not be carried in the balance sheet (statement of financial position) at any more than recoverable amount. The idea behind this concept is to prevent a company from misleading users of the financial statements into thinking that a company's assets are higher than they are realistically worth.
Companies have been criticised in the past for including assets in the balance sheet that should not either be classified as an asset (i.e. expenditure that should have gone to profit or loss has been put on the balance sheet) or ignoring the need to revisit the carrying values of assets at each reporting date and consider whether, or not, the carrying values are appropriate in the light of all available facts to the management at the reporting date.
Section 27 Impairment of Assets places a specific requirement on companies under its scope to carry out impairment tests on assets when the carrying value of the asset (i.e. the value at which it is stated in the balance sheet) may be more than its recoverable amount. Section 27 does not, however, apply to the following types of assets: