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Intersections in Basic and Applied Memory Research by Frederick G. Conrad, David G. Payne

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5

The Locus of the Implicit-Explicit Dissociation in Mood-Congruent Memory

Colin MacLeod

University of Western Australia

A substantial body of evidence now exists to indicate that depression is associated with a memory bias operating to favor the retrieval of emotionally negative information (cf. Blaney, 1986; MacLeod & Mathews, 1991). Across a range of studies, depressed individuals have been found to display a recall advantage for a wide variety of negatively toned stimulus information, extending from real-life experiences coded in autobiographical memory (e.g., Teasdale & Fogarty, 1979; Teasdale, Taylor, & Fogarty, 1980), to lists of phrases (e.g., Forgas & Bower, 1987) and sets of emotional words learned in the laboratory (e.g., Dobson & ...

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