Context Reinstatement in the Laboratory: How Useful is It?
University of Southampton, UK
University of Portsmouth, UK
University of Kiel, Germany
Experimental manipulations of context in studies of visual and verbal memory have established that the “setting” or “cognitive environment” (Tulving, 1983) in which a stimulus is presented will influence recognition memory (see Davies & Thomson, 1988; Memon & Bruce, 1985, for reviews). Taking a step outside the laboratory, the potential application of research on context effects is readily apparent. University students constantly complain that they have difficulty reproducing the knowledge acquired in the classroom or library in the examination ...