We need men who can dream of things that never were, and askwhy not.

—John F. Kennedy, Speech to the Irish Parliament, June 1963

There are two views of artificial intelligence that people face today, and they are nonexclusive. One is the view pushed and pursued by the vast majority of media; the other is the view pushed and pursued by the IT community. In both camps, there are some true experts and some true pundits.

The view pushed by media focuses on the impact that artificial intelligence as a whole, in known and yet-to-know forms, may possibly have on our lives in some unfathomable future. The view pushed by the IT community (where software and data science experts belong) presents machine learning as the foundation of a new ...

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