With all structural forms, the size, number and location of the different structural elements will be choices made by the designer as part of the overall design concept. The designer must be able to describe how the different elements work individually, and how they contribute to the way the building works as a uniform structure. Structural elements are classified as either bearing – those that carry loads to the ground mainly in compression (such as columns and foundations) – or spanning, i.e. those elements that must span or bridge space (such as floors and roofs).
A structure made with solid walls has the advantage that the walls also brace the structure – you could think of them as extended columns in ...