Figure

1870

1879

1904

1914–18

1919

1931

German unification

Austro-German Dual Alliance

Anglo-French Entente Cordiale

World War One

Treaty of Versailles

Japan invades Manchuria

3

The world wars

On June 28, 1914, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary was assassinated during an official visit to the Bosnian city of Sarajevo. At 2 p.m. on Thursday, July 30, 1914, Tsar Nicholas II (1868–1918), Russia's ruler, met with his foreign minister, Sergei Sazonov (1860–1927), to discuss the crisis that was engulfing Europe following the assassination. The Tsar, under pressure from his generals to mobilize Russia's armies to meet the possibility ...

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