Figure

1945

1947

1948–49

1949

1949

1950

Yalta (February) and Potsdam (July) Conferences

Truman Doctrine (March) and Marshall Plan (June)

Berlin Blockade

USSR acquires nuclear weapons

Mao Zedong assumes power in China

NSC-68

4

The Cold War

On May 1, 1960, an American U-2 spy plane piloted by CIA employee Francis Gary Powers was shot down over Soviet air space (see Figure 4.1). For almost five years, these planes, flying at over 70,000 feet, had been photographing the Soviet Union's most secret installations. Believing the pilot dead, Washington claimed the plane had gone off course from Iran while investigating weather conditions. The ...

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